Lesson#8 – Emotional Adjectives

Did you really think that we were done studying japanese adjectives?!?!?
Well, you were wrong 😀

Japanese adjectives can be classified depending on their semantic content: -Adjectives that express qualities
-Adjectives that express emotions, feelings and mood

The second ones are used in a particular way in japanese.

In fact, when used in their B4 predicative form they imply that it’s the person who talks the one who is feeling that emotion.

“ureshii” alone means “i’m happy” and NOT “you are happy” or “he is happy”
“kowai” alone means “i’m scared”
“atsui” alone means “I’m hot”
“suki da” alone means “I like/love”
“nemui” alone means “I’m sleepy”

If you want to say “he is happy” you have to add “-gatte iru” or “-souda” to the stem of the adjective

kare wa ureshigatte iru
kare wa ureshisouda

“gatte iru” is a verb that means something like “showing an emotion or a mood with actions or expressions that others can see” :D
So the sentence above literally means “he is happy, as i see it”
“souda” is used to say “it seems..” so it literally means “it seems he is happy”

This restriction is not valid in:

past sentences
watashi wa ureshikatta —> i was happy
kare wa ureshikatta —> he was happy

interrogatives sentences (present) with “you” as subject of the feeling
(anata wa) kare ga urayamashii desuka —> do YOU envy HIM?

sentences that expresses uncertainty or that means “I heard that”
There are many way in japanese to express uncertainty at different level, we’ll talk about it later. Those senteces ends with “rashii” “youda” “hazu da” “souda”.
There is also a way to say “I heard that..” using “souda”.
Well, this sentences are all used to talk about something not certain.. just as the emotions that someone else feels :D
Well anyway,in these sentences you can use adjectives in their predicative form without problem.

kare wa ureshii youda –> it looks like he is happy
kanojo wa nezumi ga kowai souda –> i heard that she is scared by rats (nezumi–>rat)

Subordinate clause

kare wa atsui kara mado o aketa —> he opened the window because he was hot

Structure of the sentence with emotional adjectives

A wa B ga adjective

A (always marked with “wa”) is the person who feels the emotion
B (always marked with “ga”) is the person or thing whom A feels the emotion toward

watashi wa kare ga urayamashii
I envy him

watashi wa shippai ga zannen da (zannenna’s B3)
I regret the failure

kanojo wa kuruma ga hoshigatte iru
she wants a car

kare wa atama ga itasouda
He has headache

 

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Posted on 21 December 2015, in Japanese, Learning Japanese, Lesson and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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